The word wound comes to our mind when we think about any injury or accidents. But any surgical incisions are also considered as wounds. Skin being the largest organ helps to protect all the foreign invasions in the body. So, anything that breaks the skin or injures the skin is considered to be a wound.
Wound includes cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. These may be a result of an accident, surgery, sutures, or stitches. Minor wounds do not any trouble, but they should be cleaned properly. Infected and big wounds need to be taken care with necessary medications. In case of deep wounds, it has to be closed or it does not heal.
Types of Wounds
Abrasion occurs over the skin when it is rubbed to any hard surface. Bleeding is not much in this case, but wound needs to be scrubbed and cleaned to avoid infection.
A laceration is considered as a deep cut or tearing of the skin. Injuries which happen due to knives, tools, and machinery are frequent causes of lacerations. If the lacerations are deep, the bleeding can be rapid.
A puncture is caused due to long, pointed object such as a needle or nail. The wound occurs in the form of a small hole. A bullet injury can cause a puncture wound.
Punctures needn’t bleed much, but these can cause damage to the internal organs. The puncture wounds should be considered seriously as it may lead to infections.
An avulsion can be defined as a partial or complete tearing of skin and the tissue beneath. This injury generally occurs during the time of violent accidents, explosions, and gunshots. These wounds cause deep wounds and bleed heavily.
Wounds are resulted due to any cut or graze in the skin. They also can happen as a result of massive injuries, accidents, explosions, etc. other causes include:
• Animal bites
• Electrical injuries
• Sprains and strains
• Tenderness at the site of wound
• Redness and swelling around the mark
• Minimal or excessive bleeding
• Burning sensation at the site of injury
• The mild or elevated temperature at the site.
When to see a doctor?
You should seek medical care from a doctor if,
• The wound is deep
• The wound is near the eyes
• If you notice increased tenderness, spreading redness or marked swelling
• If the bleeding doesn’t stop with direct pressure and lasts longer for more than 20 mins.
• Raise in temperature
• If the wound has happened due to a bite from an animal or another human
• If the cut has contaminated due to soil or saliva
• If you are diabetic
There is no special diet to be followed for treating wounds. Try to eat a balanced diet every day. Turmeric along with honey can be consumed to prevent infections in the body.