OVERVIEW
Vomiting can be defined as forcible or involuntary emptying of the contents in the stomach through mouth. The contents of the stomach has to overcome the pressure and it comes in the form of expulsion through mouth. Vomiting can be a onetime event, which is linked to stomach upset but when it happens recurrently, there may be a cause or underlying medical condition. Nausea is a condition preceded by vomiting where there is an urge to vomit.
CAUSES
Vomiting itself cannot be considered as a medical condition. It occurs as a symptom to any other disease.
• Over eating can lead to throwing up
• Excess consumption of alcohol
• Food poisoning
• Indigestion
• Stomach Infections due to bacterial or viral cause.
• Motion sickness
• Bowel obstruction
• Pregnancy-related – morning sickness with nausea or vomiting
• Headaches
• Due to intake of medication
• Anesthesia
• Chemotherapy
• Crohn’s disease
• Emotional stress (worry and fear)
• Gallbladder disease
• Heart attack
• Concussion or brain injury
• Brain tumor
• Ulcers
• Some forms of cancer
• Bulimia or other psychological illnesses
• Reaction to some particular smells or odors
• Gastroparesis or slow stomach emptying
• Appendicitis
Various reasons can trigger the reasons for vomiting according to age. In younger age it is very common to get affected with viral infections, food poisoning, allergy to any food items, recurrent stomach upsets etc.
Frequent vomiting may also occur. It isn’t necessary to be the symptom of above said causes. This condition can be associated with nausea and extreme lack of energy. Continuous episodes of vomiting when untreated can result in conditions like dehydration, esophagitis, and esophageal tear.

SYMPTOMS
Majority of the time vomiting is associated with other symptoms like
• Fatigue
• Stomach upset like bloating
• Stomach cramps
• Dehydration
• Headache
• Confused behavior
• Anorexia
• Mild fever
• In extreme cases, there may be amount of blood in the vomitus

AYURVEDIC VIEW
Ayurveda believes nausea and vomiting are signs of high pitta in the stomach. The acid secretions in the stomach increases and may irritate the gastric mucosal membrane which results in puking out. It can be treated with minimal Ayurvedic medication if the exact cause is figured out.

DIET
• Eat small meals frequently – If you feel sick to your stomach between meals, try to eat multiple short meals during the day and a snack at bedtime.
• Rinse your mouth before and after meals so that it helps to get rid of any bad tastes in your mouth.
• Try to Sit up or lie back with your head raised for at least an hour after eating if you need to rest.
• Eat light and easily digestible foods like rice porridge, soups, plain khichidi etc.
• Avoid taking raw food or uncooked food
• Do not take spicy, sour, hot or heavy food