Vaginal discharge is a part of vaginal health. There are many type of vaginal discharge which may indicate the underlying health issue. Abnormal discharge may be yellow, mild green or thick in consistency and foul smelling.
Leucorrhoea is the white discharge which happens in the beginning or end of menstrual cycle. However, if other symptoms like itching foul smell, and variation in consistency (thick or cheesy consistency) it needs medical care. This discharge may be due to yeast infections also.
• Clear and Watery discharge – Clear discharges from the vagina are normal. They can be expected at any time of the month. They may follow after heavy exercise.
• Clear and Sticky – Clear but sticky discharge indicate that women is ovulating.
• Brown or bloody – Brown or bloody discharge is common in women after menstrual cycle. Discharge at the end of the cycle generally looks brown in colour. Small amount of bloody discharge can occur between the cycles which are generally considered as spotting.
o Spotting during the time period may be because of unprotected sex or sign of pregnancy. Spotting during early phase of pregnancy can be sign of miscarriage.
o Rarely, brown or bloody discharge indicates the sign of endometrial or cervical cancer. It may be because of fibroids or other abnormal growths. The condition can be confirmed through Pap smear test.
• Yellow or greenish discharge – These types of discharge aren’t normal. Yellow or green discharge may be resulted due to trichomoniasis infection. The spread may occur through sexual intercourse.
• A thick white discharge can occur as part of the menstrual cycle.
• During ovulation, thick white discharge occurs which is completely normal
• Vaginal discharge can occur as part of keeping the vaginal tissues moist and lubricated.
• Vaginal discharge can happen as part of regulating body’s pH balance. The discharge removes the bacteria, germs or dirt present in the vaginal cavity if any.
• Yeast infection – Yeast infection produce thick white discharge which is associated with itching and burning sensation. Yeast is generally present in the vagina but can multiply in some conditions. Stress, pregnancy, diabetes and continuous use of contraceptive pills can increase the risk of this condition. Prolonged use of antibiotics than 10 days can also result in whitish discharge.
• Itching in the vulva region
• Soreness of the vulva
• Unusual thick white discharge
• Foul smelling white discharge
• Severe pain or cramps in lower abdomen
• Pain during sexual intercourse
Ayurveda coins the term Sweta Pradara for Leucorrhoea. It is not a disease but a symptom of any other underlying pathology. Aggravated Kapha dosha is the main causative factor of sweta pradara. When the kapha increases in the body, it produces white thick and painless discharge from the vagina. Other causes of sweta pradara include excess sexual intercourse, abortion, irregular diet and lifestyle. Not following the seasonal regimen and unhygienic practices can also lead to sweta pradara according to Ayurveda.
The treatment of sweta pradara is based on its etiology. It is curable with Ayurvedic treatments and medication. The excess kapha should be brought back to normalcy with the help of strong and rejuvenating herbs.
• Vegetables – Leafy greens, Onion, Carrot, Potatoes, Steamed vegetables, Light Vegetable Soups. Try to avoid mushrooms, peas, beans etc.
• Fruits – Oranges, Pomegranate, Apples, Black plums, Grapes. Reduce intake of lemon in excess.
• Spices – Include more of ginger, garlic, fenugreek, coriander seeds and pepper. Avoid excess intake of salts and red hot chillies.
• Grains – Include more whole grains, brown rice and pulses in diet