Kidney stones is a common problem afflicted by 12% of world’s population. If left untreated, patients may end up with loss of the kidney functions. It is observed that females suffer from kidney stones than males.
Kidney stones are pebble like pieces hard in nature, that occurs in one or both the kidneys when there is presence high salts and minerals in your urine. They may vary in size and shape, and usually yellow or brown. Most of the stones are small in size, like grains. Rarely the stones are big in size.
Kidney stones may pass through the urinary tract causing mild or no pain. If the size of stone is bigger, then it gets stuck and can cause obstruction to urine flow. This condition causes severe pain and sometimes bleeding.
What are the causes for kidney stones?
- Kidney stones are formed due to presence of high level of calcium, oxalate, and phosphorous in the urine. There is a minimum presence of minerals in the urine, which is not harmful.
- Sometimes, certain food intake over a long time can also increase the risks of getting kidney stones.
What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
The general symptoms include-
- Sharp pains radiating through the sides from back to abdomen or groin.
- Hematuria – presence of blood in the urine.
- Frequent urination
- Pain while urinating
- Inability to urinate or passing urine in small amount
- Turbid urine
- Urine with foul smell
- Fever associated with chills
- Nausea and vomiting