Hyperlipidaemia is a condition characterized by abnormal levels of excess fat (lipids) in the blood. It is a lifelong condition but can be managed with proper diet and lifestyle. There are two types of lipids found in the blood namely cholesterol and triglycerides.
Cholesterol is a waxy like substance which is produced by the body in liver. It is essential for the activities of healthy cell membrane, appropriate brain functioning, appropriate hormone production, and vitamin storage. Cholesterol is mainly found in fatty foods like eggs, red meat, and cheese.
Triglycerides are made in the body when the body stores the extra calories which not required for generating energy. They are also acquired through the diet from foods like red meat, excess fat intake, refined sugar, fructose, and alcohol intake.
Cholesterol is a fatty substance that is present in the blood stream. It circulates through the blood on proteins called as lipoproteins. When there is a raised level of cholesterol in the blood, it can build up on the walls of blood vessels to form plaque. Over time, these plaques get deposited over the arteries and leads to heart attack or heart diseases.
What are the causes for Hyperlipidemia?
A person is likely to develop, high cholesterol levels if they have the following symptoms.
• High levels of Low Density Lipoprotein
• High levels of High Density Lipoprotein
• Elevated levels of triglycerides in blood
|Over all cholesterol||<200 mg/dl|
|HDL cholesterol||Men: > 40 mg/dl|
Women: > 50 mg/dl
|LDL cholesterol||Healthy individual: <100 mg/dl|
People with heart disease, diabetes or diseased: < 70 mg/dl
The other main causes of increased levels of cholesterol are:
• Eating food with saturated and trans fats
• High intake of animal proteins
• Not involved in any physical activity
• Not eating healthy fats
• Excess consumption of alcohol
• In various health conditions like CKD, Diabetes, PCOD, Pregnancy, Underactive thyroid
• Due to continuous intake of medicines like diuretics, birth control pills, medications for depression.
• Familial history of high levels of cholesterol
• Feeling lethargic
• Cramps in the calf muscle while walking and climbing stairs
• Any wound which takes time to heal
• High blood pressure
• Heart diseases
• Chest pain
• Heart attack
• High levels of cholesterol may lead to stroke which shows symptoms of trouble in speaking, weakness in the hands and legs, drooped face to one side
• Vegetables: Green leafy vegetables- Spinach, Moringa, Tomatoes, Pumpkin, Carrot, beans
• Grains: Whole grains, such as barley, bran flakes, oatmeal, and brown rice
• Fruits bananas and pomegranate,
• Spices: Coriander, Ginger, Garlic, Pepper, Methi seeds
• Nuts: Almonds, cashews, raisins, walnuts, Flax seeds, Pistachios
Ayurveda gives importance to the metabolism of the body. The science believes any derangement in the Agni (digestive fire) leads to the disease manifestation.
Ayurveda classified Agni into 3 categories – Jaataraagni. Dhatuagni and Bhoothagni. All these works in different levels of the body.
When metabolic processes becomes sluggish, the digestion and other activities in the body becomes slow. This results in formation of Aama (undigested metabolite) in the body.
Aama is the prime factor responsible for all the metabolic diseases in the body. These formed Aama obstructs the normal pathways causing diseases. The high level of cholesterol is considered to be one such outcome of the metabolic impairment in the rasavaha srothas and medovaha srothas. This excessively increased Aama when circulated in the body leads to further complications.
This condition is treated in Ayurveda by nidana parivarjana (avoiding the causative factor), Apatarpana chikitsa, Shamana chikitsa, Shodhana chikitsa and through Pathya and Apathya (modified diet and life style) treatments.