Hair fall is one among the most widely recognized worry in our general public usually in both the genders and all age gatherings. Anybody can encounter hair loss, however, it’s increasingly normal in men. According to various studies conducted, the prevalence of hair loss in men is 60.3% whereas in females is 15.3%.
Losing more than 100 hair strands a day is considered as significant hair fall. Though hair loss is a common cosmetically and psychosocially distressing condition, it attracted poor attention and there are limited studies on its prevalence and its grade in the Indian subcontinent.
What are the causes of hair fall?
- A family history of baldness can be the main common cause of hair fall.
- The hereditary factor can also trigger hair loss. Sometimes it may begin as early as puberty.
- In some cases, hair loss may be a part with a simple halt in the cycle of hair growth.
- Major diseases, surgeries, or any other traumatic events can trigger hair loss. However, the regrowth will start usually without treatments.
- Hormonal variations in the body associated with pregnancy, childbirth, discontinuing the use of birth control pills, and menopause can cause temporary hair loss.
- Other conditions that result in major hair loss include thyroid disorders, alopecia Medical conditions that can cause hair loss include thyroid disease, alopecia areata (an autoimmune disease that attacks hair follicles), and scalp infections like ringworm. Diseases that cause scarring, such as lichen planus can result in permanent hair loss because of the scarring.
- Stress and anxiety
- Due to the intake of medicines for ailments like cancer, high blood pressure, arthritis, depression, and heart problems. Some cases of prolonged fever, typhoid, dengue, etc. can also lead to severe hair loss.
- Trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder): People having a compulsion to pull out their hair, usually from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes also ends up in hair loss
- Traction hair loss can occur due to hairstyles that put pressure on the follicles by pulling the hair back very tightly.
- Long term usage of chemicals on hair, hair coloring, heat treatments can result in hair fall.
- Lack of diet rich in protein, iron and other nutrients can lead to thinning of hair.
What are the symptoms of Hair fall?
- Sudden loosening of hair.
- Gradual thinning on top of the head.
- Circular or patchy bald spots in the scalp
- Patches with scaly appearance over the scalp.
- Damaged and frizzy hair which sometimes breaks in between or has split ends.