“Humanity has but three great enemies: fever, famine, and war, and of these by far the greatest, by far the most terrible, is fever.”(William Osle
OVERVIEW
Fever is encountered or experienced frequently by healthcare professionals and laypersons in day to day life. The disease has been recognized as one of the hallmarks of clinical diseases since ancient times. In medical terms, the normal body temperature is considered around a set point of 37 ± 1°C. The variance between the highest and lowest core temperature in a day is not more than 1° to 1.5°C.

‘Fever’ is a physiologic disorder in which the temperature is raised above one’s normal temperature. The disease is also known as ‘pyrexia’ and ‘hyperthermia’. Along with fever patients usually experience symptoms like weakness, muscle weakness, body ache, back pain, and headache.

CAUSES
Fever occurs when a part of the brain called the hypothalamus deviates from the normal temperature of the body to a higher level. When this happens, you may feel unusual cold and shivering to generate more body heat. Henceforth, this results in elevated body temperature.

The different possible medical condition that can trigger fever are:
• Infection which includes flu, common cold, and pneumonia
• Some immunizations, such as diphtheria or tetanus (in children)
• Teething (in infants)
• Some inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease
• Blood clots
• Extreme sunburn
• Food poisoning
• Some medications, including antibiotics

According to the cause of fever, additional symptoms may include:

• Sweating
• Shivering
• A headache
• Muscle aches
• A loss of appetite
• Dehydration
• General weakness

SYMPTOMS
The common signs and symptoms linked with fever are, are linked to what is known as sickness behavior, and may include:
• Feeling cold when nobody else does
• Shivering
• Lack of appetite
• Dehydration
• Depression
• Hyperalgesia, or increased sensitivity to pain
• Lethargy
• Problem in concentrating
• Lack of sleep
• Sweating
In the case of high fever, there are chances of irritability, confusion, and seizures.

DIET
• Fluid intake should be increased
• Add spices like turmeric, ginger, garlic, peeper, methi, oriander in optimum quatity to your diet

• Consume fresh juices especially of citrus fruits as they have high vitamin C – lemon, orange, sweet lime, etc.
• Consume hot and light soups
• Increase intake of vitamin A the daily foods. All yellow fruits and vegetables are rich in Vitamin A. Fishes has the highest amount of vitamin A content.
• Avoid taking, spicy, hot, extra sour foods. Do not take non vegetarian foods or sweetened items until fever cures.
• Immunity should be increased by drinking boiled mixture of – ½ cup water, little ginger, 2-3 Tulsi and mint leaves.