OVERVIEW
Nobody can deny the fact that eczema is uncomfortable and irritating. It often stems from a compromised immune system. It is a matter of distress to people who suffer from it. It is a matter of great distress to individuals who suffer from this problem.
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed and cracked. The other symptoms of the disease include itching, redness, roughness and sometimes presence of blisters.
Atopic dermatitis is very common in children, although adults can also get it. The disease is usually chronic and tends to flare periodically. No permanent cure has been found for eczema but with some self-care measures, the symptoms can be relieved and prevent the outbreaks. The home remedies listed can help to avoid harsh soaps, naturally moisturize the skin and prevents from topical application of steroidal ointments.

TYPES
Atopic Dermatitis: The exact cause of the disease is unknown, but happens when the immune system is drastically effected in response to a triggering factor or due to any irritant. The condition is chronic and shows inflammatory changes in the skin. This condition starts to develop during childhood, but can be seen in adulthood as well.
Irritant Dermatitis: When the skin comes in contact with any irritants like alkalis, detergent, or acids the disease occurs.
Stasis Dermatitis: This condition arises due to poor blood circulation in the lower legs. Inflammatory changes occur in the skin.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis: This is an allergic condition which occurs due to any exposure to allergens that comes in contact with skin.
Scabies: Scabies occurs due to mite infestation on the skin. This condition is highly contagious and causes red and itchy inflammatory changes in the affected area.
Lichen Simplex Chronicus: Due to constant itching, scratching or rubbing the skin becomes thickened. The condition is localized to a particular area.
Dyshidrotic Eczema: In this type of eczema, there occurs blisters over the skin, especially in areas of fingers, feet, palms and the hands.
Seborrheic Dermatitis: In this seborrheic conditions, the skin shows changes like scaly red patches, mainly on the scalp, ears, brows, chest, and back.
Nummular Eczema: The condition is very itchy, and has round, coin-shaped lesions. round and coin-shaped lesions develop on your skin, and they are itchy. These lesions may become crusty.
Xerotic Eczema: The condition is common in winter and is marked by dry and itchy skin (due to lack of moisture), which worsens over time.
The ideal way is to identify what is triggering the condition and avoid the causes. Although there is no permanent remedy, flare-ups can be prevented.

CAUSES
The causes of eczema may vary from people to people exhibiting various symptoms.
• Family history
• Mutation in the filaggrin gene – the involvement of genetic factors, is still not clear. But those who are suffering from the disease, are more likely to have children with eczema.
• Skin irritants: Maybe any sort of fabric, such as wool or synthetic clothes, or allergic to detergents, perfumes, soaps, chlorine, or any other chemical solvent.
• Temperature: Often, extreme temperature situations leads to dryness of skin and worsens the situation.
• Lack of moisturizing
• Animal dander in some cases
• Pollen
• Molds
• Dust mites
• Food items

SYMPTOMS
It is very important to understand that the signs and symptoms of eczema may differ from individual to individual.
• Intense itching
• Rashes or red bumps
• Cracked skin
• Itching and burning sensation on the rashes
• Crusting of the rashes
• Liquid oozing from the rashes
• Swelling in particular areas of rashes
• Clear liquid filled bumps

DIET
• Drink plenty of water.
• Consume fresh and raw fruits and vegetables.
• Eat healthy diet, including five portions of vegetables per day, brown rice, millet, oily fish and a little fruit. Avoid citrus fruits.
• Take diet rich in vitamin A and zinc, which regenerates the skin.
• Diet rich in vitamin A such as Liver oils of fish, egg, milk and milk products
• Carotene rich fruits and vegetables are good choice for skin health
• Foods rich in zinc such as eggs, seafood, nuts, sea plants
• Increase the intake of vitamin C, which is best to maintain healthy skin
• Fruits and vegetables contain maximum of vitamin C when taken in fresh form.
• Coriander leaves is a great source of vitamin C which helps to maintain healthy skin.
• Tulsi leaves are said to be helpful in treating skin ailments, eat 3-4 fresh leaves daily or apply over the blemished area.