Dengue is the fastest spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world, affecting more than 100 million humans annually. The disease is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito and is caused by one of four dengue viruses
It is well known as break bone fever due to the severity of fever associated with muscle spasms and joint pain and the usual duration of symptoms. The incidence rate of dengue has increased dramatically over the past few decades. Although most of the cases are asymptomatic, severe illness and death may also occur.
The three phases of dengue include febrile, critical, and recovery.
During the febrile stage, a sudden onset of high-grade fever of approximately 40℃ occurs that usually lasts two to seven days. Associated symptoms include facial flushing, skin erythema (red rashes), myalgia (muscle aches), arthralgia (joint pain), headache, sore throat, conjunctival injection, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting.
Defervescence (the subsidence of a fever) characterizes the critical phase with a temperature of approximately 37.5℃to 38℃ or less on days three through seven. This stage is associated with increased capillary permeability and usually lasts one to two days. It can progress to shock, organ dysfunction, disseminated intravascular coagulation (a condition affecting the blood’s ability to clot and stop bleeding.) or hemorrhage.
The recovery phase entails the gradual reabsorption of extravascular fluid in two to three days.
Dengue fever is caused by any of four distinct serotypes (DENV 1-4) of single-stranded RNA viruses of the genus Flavivirus. Infection by one serotype results in lifelong immunity to that serotype but not to others.
• Sudden onset of high fever (up to 106 degrees Fahrenheit)
• Severe headache.
• Swollen lymph glands.
• Severe joint and muscle pains.
• Skin rash which appears between second and fifth days after the initial fever.
• Mild to severe nausea and vomiting.
• Mild bleeding from the nose or gums.
• Mild bruising on the skin.
• Febrile convulsions.
• Lab report suggestive of low platelet count.
• Orange juice is a good digestive and antitoxic, and may play a positive role in the treatment of Dengue.
• Papaya tree leaf juice is said to rapidly increase platelet count.
• Have sweet, non-spicy food, ideally including easily digestible pulses.
• Green tea is a fantastic booster for immunity and contains beneficial antioxidants
• Avoid fast food, fried food, too much spice and salt.