Burns are an inevitable part of everybody’s lives. Once in a lifetime people will have to go through the experience either due to carelessness or due to any unexpected incident.
Children are at a higher risk category of suffering from burns, owing to their endless attraction towards the fire. Though most of the burns are quite harmless, some of them need immediate medical intervention. They might even cause permanent scarring. If unattended, this may lead to infections and some other complications.
Burns is considered to be the tissue damage that which is resulted due to heat, overexposure to the radiation from the sun, any accident due to chemical or electrical contact. The treatment of burns depends on the location and severity of the condition. Usually, sunburns and scalds can be treated at home. Widespread burns require immediate attention.
Category of burns
The burns that cause only the least damage to the skin are termed as first degree burns. They affect only the outer most layer of the skin which rarely shows any blister. Other symptoms associated with these include redness, inflammation, and slight peeling of the skin.
Second-degree burns penetrate beyond the outermost layer of the skin. These shows skin blisters and sometimes become sore. If the blister happens to pop, the liquid inside the blister comes out. Depending upon the severity, it will take longer to heal.
Third-degree burns affect extensively through all the layers of the skin. They often cause nerve damage and numbness to the affected part These are very severe and are potential enough to cause scarring. This requires immediate medical attention.
Fourth degree Burns
Burns when extends to the bones and tendons are called as fourth-degree burns. They are extremely severe.
Causes of burns
Burns are caused by:
Contact with hot liquid or steam
Contact hot metal, glass or other objects
Radiation, such as that from X-rays
Accident occurring due to unintended exposure to Chemicals such as strong acids, lye, paint thinner or gasoline
Complications of deep spread burn may include:
Bacterial infection, which may lead to sepsis (bloodstream infection)
Hypovolemia (Fluid loss, including low blood volume)
Hypothermia (very low body temperature)
Breathing problems as a result of the intake of hot air or smoke
Scars or ridged areas often caused by keloids (an overgrowth of scar tissue)
Sometimes the scar tissues affect the bones and joints by shortening and tightening of skin, muscles, and tendons.
When to see a doctor
Seek emergency medical assistance for:
Burns that which covers the whole area of hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks, any major joint or the burn which covers a large part of the body
Burns that affect all layers of the skin or even deeper tissues
Burns that cause the skin to look leathery
Burns that results in patches of black, brown or white
Burns caused due to chemical usage or electricity
Difficulty breathing or burns to the airway
All first-aid measures should be taken while waiting for emergency assistance.
Also, take assistance from the doctor if,
Signs of infection, like oozing from the wound, unbearable pain, redness and swelling
A burn or blister that takes more than two weeks to heal.
No special diet recommendations