Burning Eyes

OVER VIEW

Burning eyes can bring an uncomfortable feeling as well as a very concerning issue. It can be diagnosed quickly and can be treated easily. However, in some specific conditions, it might require specialized treatments.
Burning eyes are described as a feeling of burning sensation with irritation of the eyes. Burning eyes are often associated by itching, tearing, or discharge from the eyes. These can happen due to eye injury, any foreign matter invasion or as a result of allergies.
Treatment may vary depending upon the severity of the condition and leaving eyes unattended can even risk the eye sight.

Causes

Due to Eye infection

Eye infection can lead to symptoms of burning sensation in the eyes, itching and discharge in the eyes. The majority of eye infection happens due to bacterial, viral, or fungal attacks.
Eg: A case of herpes simplex can cause viral invasion in the eyes which results in cold sores spreading across the eye. Fungal infection can happen from the contaminated lenses or wearing unclean contact lens.
Other cause may be – wearing the same contact lens for a long period, use of eye drops that are expired, sharing contact lens from another person, sharing eye makeup products from others
Most common of all the infections are conjunctivitis. The inflammation happens in conjunctiva and affects the tiny blood vessels which lead to characteristic red eye. The disease is highly contagious and needs medical care.
Eye infections can cause severe itching and watering. Symptoms can either occur in one eye or in both eyes. This can also lead to deposition of crusty materials in the eye canthus.

Foreign body in the eye

If any foreign particle enters the eye like sand or dirt, it can cause burning, itching or watery discharge from the eyes. Some other particles like pollen, or minute insects when enters the eyes can also lead to these symptoms.
Trauma to the eyes
Any injury to the eyes area due to external trauma or accidents while working with chemicals can end up in watery discharge to eyes.

Other major causes include:

  • Photo sensitivity can also lead to watery eyes
  • Pterygium i.e. a tissue growth in the white part of the eyes. This can lead to burning eyes and severe itching
  • Blepharitis i.e. inflammation of the eyelids can also lead to burning in the eyes.
  • Due to less fluid in the body there will be poor lubrication in the eyes which leads to dry eyes.
  • Continuous straining of the eyes can lead to burning and watery eyes.
  • Lack of proper sleep can make the eyes feel burn and itchy
  • In case of newborns, sometimes the tear ducts gets blocked and can lead to burning sensation in the eyes.

Symptoms

  • First and foremost, symptom is burning sensation in the eyes associated with stinging pain
  • Extreme dryness in the eyes
  • Burning eyes are mostly associated with watery discharge from the eyes
  • Itching the eyes
  • Red spots in the eyes
  • Most often the nasal symptoms are also associated with burning eyes such as sneezing, running nose or nasal congestion etc.

Ayurvedic View

Ayurveda describes burning eyes as Netra daha. This happens due to vitiation of the pitta dosha. Sometimes combined effect of tridosha can cause burning, irritation or congestion in the eyes.

Treatment for burning eyes in Ayurveda

  •  Rinsing the eyes continuously with water can clean minor irritants in the eyes
  •  Avoid the cause of irritation to the eyes
  • Local treatments to the eyes called netra kriya kalpa are recommended best to treat eye disorders
  • Parisheka – Continuous pouring of medicated liquid to the eyes are recommended. The medicine can vary depending upon the condition.
  • Bidalaka – Applying thick paste to the eyelids can reduce the symptoms of burning eyes
  • Aschyothana – Applying the medicated ghee or eye drops can cure mild irritation to the eyes.
  • Anjana – Eye collyrium is also helpful to cure eye disorders in Ayurveda

Diet

  • Include ghee and intake of milk in everyday diet. Daily use of honey is recommended.
  • Vegetables such as snake gourd, green leafy items, carrots, drumstick leaves are best for the eye health. Red rice, wheat, green gram is good for eyes. Avoid freezed food, cold beverages, extreme sour food, alcohol, curd, non-vegetarian food, excessive hot, spicy and fatty foods

Yoga for Eye Health

  • Shifting the focus from one eye to another eye helps more blood flow in the tiny eye capillaries.
  • Blinking eye: Continuous blinking of the eyes for 3 to 4seconds for 10-20 rounds a day is very helpful.
  • Cupping or palming: Rub the hands and generate sufficient quantity of heat and do cupping on the eyes. This can relax the eye muscles.
  • Eye rotation: Rotating the eye balls in all directions for few minutes every day can improve the condition of eye. Repeating the exercise several times can help to reduce the eye strain as well.
  • Good rest to eyes should be assured. Early to bed and waking up early should be followed

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