Acne is a chronic skin condition that may affect 3 out of 4 people between the age group 13 to 30 years. It happens when the hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Even though it’s not a dangerous situation, it may leave scars on the skin.
Acne can occur on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. Mostly it occurs in the form of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and pustules. Ayurveda emphasis Acne as ‘Youvanapidika’ where ‘youvana’ means adolescence and ‘pidika’ refers pimples or pustules. Though it effects people of all age group, it’s most common in teenagers.
- Eating habits – Acne majorly occurs due to impairment in the eating habits. Irregular eating patterns, excessive consumption of sugar, fried and oily food can easily pave a path to the condition.
- Improper Bowel habits – Many a times Ama (indigested food) if formed due to irregular bowel movements. They enter in the blood stream circulates and accumulate in certain places. This leads to formation of an inflammation in that area in the form of pimples or pustules.
- Excessive intake of coffee, tea, alcohol can also lead to this condition
- Unhygienic living practices and not cleansing the skin can easily lead to acne. This may more often affect oily skin textures.
- Any bacterial infection can also trigger acne formation. Eg: Propionibacterium.
- Long term conception of antidepressants, contraceptives, corticosteroids etc. can also contribute to acne.
- Usage of cosmetics like oil based lotions, and creams that can increase greasiness of skin leads to clogged pores. Various hair products which has excess silicones present also leads to acne.
- Acne also pops up due to excess stress in the body by the formation of androgens that leads to breakouts
- Hereditary factor – If your family has trait of acne prone skin, it’s likely for next generations to suffer from acne.
- Extreme change in climate conditions can lead to breakouts.
- According to Ayurveda, Acharyas consider Youvanapidika occurs due to imbalance in the humors (Vata Pitta and Kapha). As per Ayurveda, cause of acne is mainly due to aggravated Vata and Kapha doshas. Pitta dosha also has a role in causing acne, when it afflicts the blood and accumulates there. This leads to inflammation in the capillaries.
- Occurrence of pimples, or sebaceous cysts which leaves scar over forehead, temples, cheeks, chest, upper back and shoulders
- Presence of black heads or white heads in the face
- Scars – Acne can cause temporary or permanent scars over the face
- Pain and Itching – If the pimples are filled with pus, it may be painful and may causes itching.
- Change in skin texture and color – Due to inflammation, there are chances for skin to become reddened. In case of non-inflamed acne, the texture of the skin becomes rougher.